Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Korean females aged 19-79 years: the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health-Related dilemmas

Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Korean females aged 19-79 years: the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health-Related dilemmas

Eunji Choi

1 Graduate class of Cancer Science and Policy, nationwide Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Ha Na Cho

1 Graduate class of Cancer Science and Policy, nationwide Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Da Hea Seo

2 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Inha University class of Medicine, Incheon, Korea

Boyoung Park

3 Department of Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Sohee Park

4 Graduate Class of Public Wellness, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea

Juhee Cho

5 Department of Clinical Research and Evaluation, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea

Sue Kim

6 College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea

Yeong-Ran Park

7 Division of Silver Business, Kangnam University, Yongin, Korea

Kui Son Choi

1 Graduate class of Cancer Science and Policy, nationwide Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Yumie Rhee

8 Department of Internal Medicine, Endocrine analysis Institute, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea



As the prevalence of obesity in Asian ladies has remained stagnant, studies of socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Asian women can be scarce. This study aimed to look at the prevalence that is recent of in Korean females aged between 19 years and 79 years also to evaluate socioeconomic inequalities in obesity.


Information had been produced by the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health-Related problems. The test that is chi-square logistic regression analysis had been utilized to evaluate the associations between socioeconomic factors and obesity utilizing Asian standard human anatomy mass index (BMI) categories: low ( 2 ), normal (18.5-22.9 kg/m 2 ), obese (23.0-24.9 kg/m 2 ), and overweight (≥25.0 kg/ m 2 ). The slope index of inequality (SII) and relative index of inequality (RII) were calculated, with adjustment for age and self-reported health status as inequality-specific indicators.


Korean females had been classified to the after BMI categories: underweight (5.3%), normal fat (59.1%), obese (21.2%), and overweight (14.4%). The SII and RII unveiled significant inequalities in obesity and only more urbanized women (SII, 4.5; RII, 1.4) and against of females who had been extremely educated (SII, -16.7; RII, 0.3). Subgroup analysis revealed inequalities in obesity based on home earnings among more youthful females and relating to urbanization among ladies aged 65-79 years.


Clear academic inequalities in obesity existed in Korean ladies. Reverse inequalities in urbanization were additionally obvious in older females. Developing methods to deal with the numerous noticed inequalities in obesity among Korean females may show required for effortlessly decreasing the responsibility of the condition.


Obesity, which will be increasing in prevalence globally, is a shape characterized because of the accumulation of extortionate unwanted fat, along side a great many other health impairments. Obesity is found to adversely influence an extensive spectral range of conditions, from non-communicable disorders to psychological and health that is social including diabetic issues, malignancies, depression, discrimination, among others 1-4. The harmful consequences to be obese or overweight are discovered become specially harmful in females, elevating risks for reproductive problems, psychological state conditions, and predominantly women’s cancers, such as for instance endometrial and cancer of the breast 5-8.

Disparities in obesity prevalence have now been discovered to alter in accordance with parameters differences that are reflecting socioeconomic status, such as for example urbanization, training, and earnings amounts. Ladies surviving in urbanized areas and residing in socioeconomically-deprived conditions have already been reported to show faster grows within the prevalence of obesity and overweight 9-13. Notwithstanding, the magnitude and way of effects of socioeconomic facets on inequalities in obesity might differ across nations 14-16. In united states and countries in europe, inequalities pertaining to obesity have generally speaking been well documented; obesity was found become disproportionately more frequent among individuals with reduced quantities of education and earnings, residents of less urbanized areas, and people access that is lacking medical 10,15. On the other hand, although only some research reports have addressed socioeconomic inequalities in obesity in developing nations, many findings of these countries suggest contrasting outcomes education that is regarding earnings status (in other words., greater obesity prices in females with degree and home earnings) 16. In light for the outcomes of a study that is prior socioeconomic facets affect obesity status with techniques that vary by nation, you will need to start thinking about exactly exactly exactly how these socioeconomic facets affect obesity to build up wellness advertising programs.

When you look at the Republic of Korea (hereafter Korea), the prevalence of obesity happens to be formally surveyed making use of human anatomy mass index (BMI) since 1998. The BMI that is mean for females slightly increased from 1998 to 2005 and stabilized from 2005 to 2014 17. Even though the general prevalence of obesity in females is leaner than compared to males, Korean women avove the age of 65 years have actually greater obesity prices than guys of the age 18 that is similar. Also, while BMI in Korean men slowly increases as we grow older, in Korean females, it sharply increases following the chronilogical age of 40 years and menopause 17. Furthermore, inspite of the stable findings in the overall prevalence of obesity among Korean females, an increase that is significant grade II obesity (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m 2 ) from 1998 to 2014 is recorded, particularly for ladies aged twenty years to 59 years 17.

While obesity prices in Korea are notably less than those of other Organization for Economic Cooperation and developing nations, socioeconomic inequalities in obesity carry on being a spot of discussion 10. Outcomes from past studies, nevertheless strapon sex dating, mirror outdated data 10,19 and offer incomplete conclusions on inequality as a result of the use of restricted inequality indicators 19. For the many part, those studies used traditional logistic analyses or direct easy evaluations of price differences (extra danger) or ratios amongst the greatest and cheapest socioeconomic teams. But, the original approach of comparing extreme groups from the socioeconomic range fails to consider modifications over the complete variety of socioeconomic teams. In this research, we used the slope index of inequality (SII) together with general index of inequality (RII), that are regression-based measures of health status across all ranges of each and every socioeconomic element 20. Additionally, although past papers emphasized the discrepancies of obesity habits by sex, they dedicated to describing mechanisms of obesity in Korean adult males as a result of the greater prevalence of obesity in men 10,19.

Therefore, in this research, we aimed to report the prevalence of obesity among Korean adult females aged 19 years to 79 years utilizing present nationally representative data. We additionally desired to analyze associations between socioeconomic facets and obesity in Korean females. In specific, we examined current inequalities that are socioeconomic obesity among Korean ladies in accordance with home earnings, training degree, and urbanization (location of residence) via absolute and general indicators specialized for inequality analysis.

Deja una respuesta